This page is currently being moved to individual pages for easier organization.
The following pages are complete
Cycles Documents and Artic/Let's Hear It For R! are complete.
You will find them as drop down pages under Therapy Materials for SLPs.
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I took a class last year on Policies & Procedures in Special Education as part of my continuing
education. I thought it would be good for me to learn more about the law that governs what I do.
I have to admit, I foolishly thought I already knew what I needed to know in order to get a good
grade. While reading the text, I spotted one of my typical articulation goals: Mary will produce /r/
with 80% accuracy in words, phrases, sentences, and conversation. I was pretty geeked to see my
goal in this text UNTIL I read the title of the chapter: The Wrong Way IEP's! So much for my smug
attitude. I learned a great deal from this class and one of the greatest things was to make my present
level of performance detailed and my goals individualized. This is fairly easy with
articulation/phonology. The struggle I had was with language. The goals in the link below are based
on using the concepts and category information above (pre/post assessments) and drill and practice
on these items. Our biggest problem with language is that we make our goals too vague. We need to
be specific if we want to make them measurable and to show progress. It's hard to do this at first, but
when you can actually start crossing things off of an IEP because the child mastered them, you will
always want to write your goals this way. The days of writing the same goal over and over again
each year need to be done. These are just examples. You will need to adopt your own style....just
make sure it is individualized and specific to that particular child. If you ever have to go to due
process over your goals, I can tell you a judge will not like goals that are the same year after year. I
was guilty of writing my goals that way for a long time. Learn from my mistakes!
Evidenced Based Practice & Articles
I will be adding to this list as I come across more resources. There are a LOT out there! Click on the
disorder to follow the link (the highlighting removed the blue color from the font indicating that it's a
Apraxia of Speech Information from ASHA regarding the lack of one clear diagnostic
indicator distinguishing apraxia from other disorders (phonology), that
WE are the professionals to diagnose this disorder, and references
to articles for treatment options that are based in evidence.
Autism ~ Information from the National Professional Development Center on Autism
Cycles ~ Cannot link many of these articles. You will have to look them up.
Gierut, J.A. (1998). Treatment efficacy: Functional phonological disorders
in children. Journal of Speech, Language and Hearing Research, 41, S85-S100.
Tyler, Ann A., Edwards, Mary Louise, Saxman, John H. Clinical Application of
Two Phonologically Based Treatment Procedures J Speech Hear
Disord 1987 52: 393-409
Baker, E., Carrigg, B., & Linich, A. (2007). What's the evidence for...? The cycles
approach to phonological intervention. Acquiring Knowledge in Speech,
Language, and Hearing, 9, 29?31.
Baker, E., & McLeod, S. (2010). Evidence-based practice for children with
sound disorders: Part I Narrative review. Language, Speech, and
Hearing Services in Schools (Papers in Press, published online Sept. 15, 2010).
Baker, E., & McLeod, S. (2010). Evidence-based practice for children with
speech sound disorders: Part 2 Application to clinical practice.
Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools (Papers in Press, published
online Sept. 15, 2010).
Common Core + Speech = ????
So most of us have heard about Common Core, right? Now, the BIG question....How do I implement it into my therapy every day? The answer: YOU ALREADY DO! Common Core has really taken a large part of the language activities we have done for YEARS and put them into common state standards for everyone to follow. Now, when the teacher asks why you are taking little Johnny for speech when he speaks fine, you can graciously point out the LANGUAGE goals he is working on based on the Common Core. Now, I would love to sit down with the CC and pick out the areas that focus on my specialty, but who has time for that?
Thankfully,the wonderful people that call themselves Speech-Language Pathologists are the most generous individuals in education and many have already done it! Why reinvent the wheel when it was created so perfectly already (in reference to both the wheel AND the Common Core references below). These are links of some of the best CC adaptations I have found. I know there are others out there! I will be adding more and more as I come across them. If you have any you believe have to be added, please let me know.
The link above will take you to Teachers Pay Teachers and you can buy this list of goals for
$5.00 which is a great deal.
Free Downloads from Linguisystems
Here is the LINK: Free Guide Downloads
You will have to join Linguilist (free) to download their guides.
LinguiSystems Guide to Counseling
LinguiSystems Guide to Communication Milestones
This is one of the more comprehensive guides I have found for milestones. I particularly like
the concepts, pronouns, pragmatics, morphology, and questions sections as it tells you when to
target these particular forms. I still recommend using the concepts sheet shared above because I believe the combination of both complement each other. The guide also has intelligibility
percentages per age and vocabulary milestones which are always good to share with parents.
LinguiSystems Guide to RTI
LinguiSystems Testing Guide
LinguiSystems Guide to Evidence-Based Practice
IPA Fonts on Your Computer
You have these characters on your computer already. This document will show you how to
Family Night Activities
Great family night or speech workshop activities for NON-Speechies!
Career Day ~ Talk about being an SLP!
Are you responsible for giving a talk for Career Day at a school or other
organization? You could create your own presentation, but I have found
PowerPoint presentations online available for professional use for FREE! The link
below will open as a PowerPoint that must be downloaded to your computer. It will
not open as a webpage. If you have trouble locating it, please look at the TXSHA
website or do a Google search.
Tongue Thrust Information
I struggled for years to get help for my daughter's tongue thrust that I diagnosed at 2 years of age.
Her teeth are a mess at 7 and I finally found an orthodontist that believes in and treats the
condition prior to braces so I don't waste my money on dental correction only to have it undone
by the tongue thrust (like my sister). Tongue thrust tends to run in families. Here is a link to
information I share with parents. I typically copy and paste the information into a WORD
document and then print it out and go through and highlight some of the important aspects and
review it in the meeting, especially for those children I am dismissing that could not correct their
lisps due to the tongue thrust or as justification as to why I am not placing the child for therapy. It
usually helps explain it better than I can and parents react differently to material in print then they
do when I just 'say it'.
The swallow test is based on what I have found in my research plus my own unscientific research
with my own family and neighbors with the condition.
Mouth Breathing--Adenoid Facies
Many people do not realize the impact mouth breathing has on the face of a child whose bone
structure is still developing. For many kids, their face will morph into a crescent moon profile or
"long-face" shape. I have personally witnessed this in a set of twins. One a mouth breather, one
not. The difference in their face shape was shocking and happened so slowly over the years that it
went unnoticed. If you suspect mouth breathing, refer the child to the nurse to refer to the ENT.
If you don't have a process in place for this in your school, consider being the one to advocate for
it. The links below can explain this better and will help you to understand what this condition can
do to a child's face. It is called Adenoid Facies.
My Top 10 Must Have Speech Materials/Tests
I was asked to make this for Speaking of Speech and thought it would be better if I posted it here.
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